New Delhi: Apollo Hospitals Group has released its annual Health of the Nation report that deep dives into the prevalence and growth of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and highlights the importance of preventive health measures.
Dr Prathap Reddy, Chairman, Apollo Hospitals Group, said, “Preventive healthcare needs to become a national priority. Over the past 3 decades, non-communicable diseases have become the leading cause of death and suffering, contributing to 65 per cent of deaths in India. NCDs affect not just health, but also productivity and economic growth. The estimated economic burden on India is expected to be about $4.8 trillion by 2030. As the youngest and fastest-growing major economy in the world, the health of our nation is a critical indicator of our future, and the health of our people will determine how effectively we live up to our full potential. What we need is a proactive and highly defined strategy to minimize the impact of NCDs. And the best solution lies in prevention.”
The report states that the rise in preventive screenings has also led to an increase in the diagnosis of early risk factors like Obesity and Dyslipidemia (cholesterol irregularities) among Indians across age groups. These are an indication of the potential onset of chronic conditions like diabetes and hypertension and a wake-up call for individuals to make early shifts in their lifestyle behaviour.
The prevalence of Obesity is observed with a 50 per cent increase among Indians between 2019 and 2022. An uptick in diagnosis cases in those less than 45 years of age is by 43 per cent and by 6o per cent in people over the age of 45.
Dyslipidemia or Cholesterol irregularities have seen an 18 per cent increase between 2019 and 2022. Along with these early risk factors, we also see a rise in the prevalence of conditions like Diabetes and Hypertension.
Diabetes and Hypertension diagnoses have seen an increase of 8- 11 per cent between 2019-22. There is also an increased risk of Hypertension amongst Indians over 45 years, with its prevalence in diagnosis has increased from 14 per cent to 16 per cent in the last 3 years. Chronic stress and anxiety increase the risk of incidence of hypertension by 1.5X and diabetes by up to 2X. Men with chronic stress have double the risk of incidence of diabetes than women.
The report also puts the spotlight on the importance of getting more frequent health tests for conditions that are prevalent in families. The findings state that Diabetes is prevalent in 1 in 3 people with a history of the condition in their family.