Detecting rapidly mutating bacteria and viruses with AutoPLP, Health News, ET HealthWorld

Detecting rapidly mutating bacteria and viruses with AutoPLP

Washington: As we have learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, the microorganisms that cause various diseases can rapidly change into versions that avoid detection and treatment. However, researchers presenting in ACS Infectious Diseases have discovered a process that could aid in detecting these elusive infections. Their “AutoPLP” approach creates nucleic acid probes that are quick, accurate, and simple to detect novel variants.

Pathogens are detected by evaluating genetic material in several diagnostics, such as those based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Rolling circle amplification (RCA) operates similarly to PCR but does not require the complex temperature cycling that PCR does.

Both techniques require nucleic acid probes with sequences matching those of the target pathogen in specific locations, but RCA uses highly specific “padlock probes” (PLPs). As a pathogen mutates, its genetic sequence changes as well, and researchers have to keep redesigning their probes. So, Sowmya Krishnan, Ruben Soares, M. Michael Gromiha and Narayanan Madaboosi wanted to create a tool that could not only design these PLPs automatically but also, for the first time, systematically consider all the necessary technical parameters at once to make the entire process easier and more robust.

Their tool, a computer program called “AutoPLP,” was named after the PLPs it designs. The program can take the genome sequences of similar pathogens as input and run a series of analyses and database searches, outputting a set of customized PLP sequences.

The team used the program to design probes against the rabies virus, a virus transmitted between animals and people, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis, compared them to previously reported ones. For the rabies virus, AutoPLP targeted three genes, yielding probes with a higher and narrower range of melting temperatures than those in the literature. For M. tuberculosis, they designed a total of 13 probes specifically targeting two genes responsible for drug-resistant strains with the program. The researchers say that this tool could help hasten the discovery of new pathogen variants, helping combat them rapidly and effectively via precise molecular diagnostics.

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Author: DelhiStyle

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