Patna: Altogether 96 kidney transplants have been successfully done at Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS) in Patna in the last five years, including the last one on March 1. One patient is waiting there after authorisation by the state government for the purpose.
Of these, only one transplant was done after retrieval of a kidney from a brain-dead donor.
Now, the IGIMS has planned to expand the kidney transplant facility by setting up additional operation theatres (OTs) and carrying out extensive awareness programmes, said its medical superintendent Dr Manish Mandal on the occasion of World Kidney Day on Thursday.
Admitting that kidney troubles increased to alarming level in recent years, he said IGIMS holds special awareness camps in schools, colleges and government and private offices every month since January this year.
Nephrologist and in-charge of kidney transplant at IGIMS, Dr Amresh Krishna said four patients would go for authorisation next week.
He said kidney transplant is the last measure taken for revival of kidney function and it involves a long process of tests, observation, government authorisation and arrangement of donor. “It is a planned surgery. For transplant, two OTs become active simultaneously as experts in one retrieve kidney from the donor’s body while another team places it in the recipient’s in another OT. The entire process takes about three hours,” said Dr Krishna.
Ideally, kidney must be transplanted within 12 hours of retrieval from the donor’s body. However, in certain cases, it could take more time but not more than 24 hours, he said.
At IGIMS, 12 patients are in different stages of workup for kidney transplant, which usually takes 3 months to get completed.
Donors have been registered and being tested for ascertaining suitability for donation. However, in case of detection of any adverse impact on their health, the donation plan would be stopped, he said.
The cost of kidney transplant at IGIMS is around Rs3.5 lakh but it is free for those having total annual income of less than Rs2 lakh as the state government meets all the required expenditure.
Kidney diseases are on the rise in Bihar and the main causes are high blood pressure, diabetes, lack of physical activities and unhealthy lifestyle. On an average, 150 to 200 patients visit the OPDs of kidney department while 30 patients avail dialysis facility every day at IGIMS.
Dr Krishna said habits of taking junk food and popping painkiller pills at will affect a large population of younger people around the age of 40 with kidney troubles these days.
It is more prevalent in urban populace as those living in villages habitually undertake more physical activities and have lesser options for junk food.